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Rwanda: The World Renewable Economy recovery aimed at reducing environmental impacts

By Basanda Ns Oswald

The Sixth Forum on the World's Renewable Economy, the first in Africa, gathered at the Marriott Hotel in Kigali, aims to share with Governments, organizations and businesses that can take advantage of new opportunities, benefiting from competitive advantages in the development of a low carbon economy and climate change the sky.

Dr. Jeanne d'Arc Mujawamariya, the Minister of Environment welcomed the guests from different countries around the world, telling them that Kigali City is one of the greenest cities in the world.

Thanked the Finnish innovation fund Sitra, the African Economic Community, the African Economic Network and the partners who brought this year's Forum together.

Rwanda shows the opportunity to take care of the environment, explore ways to move to a renewable economy, show the opportunity to promote green growth and create jobs in Africa, share experiences and learn from others.

He said, "The fact that the economy has used a reversible method, it can help to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions in the world by 45%".

An integrated transition to a renewable economy and offers opportunities to improve economic well-being and reduce environmental impacts, investments in the renewable economy are investments in climate action, ecosystem protection, product security, innovation and job creation in developing knowledge.

Rwanda has taken concrete steps to integrate circular processes into policies, strategies and programs.

He said, "This meeting supports what we have agreed on, we avoid things that damage food, we make economic recovery, nothing becomes dirty, we cut plastic in 2008, Rwanda officially cut single-use plastic in 2019, adding penalties, these programs opened people's eyes on the ability of the economy to recover, Rwanda is prosperous and independent''.

Amasashi, should not be something that causes pollution, he said, "we want a Rwanda where everyone is proud and a prosperous Rwanda, where everyone's will is required".

Buregeya Paulin, the head of COPED (Company for Protection of Environment and Development) said that they are working on fertilizer processing and charcoal production and various other things, operating in Bishenyi in Kamonyi District in the Southern Province.

He said that they give the citizen two bags, the green one is for biodegradable waste and the blue one is for non-biodegradable waste and the other is for hazardous waste.

In hotels and ministries, even if they don't use those bags, they use the garbage bin to put the garbage in where it should be separated from the rotten and rotten ones.

COPED has been working for 2 years from 2020-2021 to process the waste, in 2022 they started working with researchers, students who studied techniques such as IPRC and universities where they currently have a machine that is in testing that when it is perfect it can go to composting within 15 days out of the 6 months they spent to make compost available.

As a result of waste management, the State has the responsibility of campaigning and educating the public, how to discriminate waste, biodegradable and non-decomposable and potentially dangerous (toxic). the eye looks everywhere and declares where it is done right or wrong.

Dr Jeanne d'Arc Mujawamariya, the Minister of Environment, said that Rwanda has changed its environmental policy and climate change to include a renewable economy and later today they will launch the first program of the renewable economy in the Kigali studio Forum''.

As a result, many businesses are involved in recycling, managing e-waste and investing in the recycling economy, and have portals to connect producers and potential users of waste.

Despite the progress made, companies that want to go green and circular still have the problem of not having the right financial instruments and support to support their business development.

Dr Jeanne d'Arc Mujawamariya Minister of Environment Rwanda commended Sitra, the African Economic Forum, the African Economic Community and all partners for organizing the forum and creating a useful platform for discussion and exchange of ideas.

Rwanda and Africa in general, is a good place for economic recovery and investment.

This year Rwanda was given the opportunity to be approved as a member of PAGE (Partnership for Action on Green Economy) whose support and others will help to create an environment that facilitates the economy and money so that the economic system can return to Rwanda.

The participants of the international conference are asked to seize this opportunity, to build a sustainable economy that serves people and the planet, so that they can live in harmony with nature and realize a sustainable future for future generations.

Researchers are encouraged to do research on Rwanda. Jyrki Katainen said that

Rwanda's Economic Action Plan and Roadmap Rwanda is one of Africa's most advanced economies.

For nearly two decades, it has taken concrete steps to put the environment and climate change at the heart of its policies, Japan is one of the first to ban plastic and is one of the founding countries of the African Economic Community.

The idea of a sustainable economy fits well with economic diversification as well as industrial policy high on the political agenda of Rwanda and Africa. It also provides a paradigm for the development of new economic activities that ultimately promise to create new jobs, while at the same time addressing the continent's urgent environmental and social challenges, such as the growing waste problem.

In these three important ways, Rwanda is moving towards a renewable economy to achieve green growth and sustainable development and to deal with climate change.

In Vision 2050, Rwanda wants to transform its economy by establishing a new path that will bring the country to the middle class in 2035 and the high income countries in 2050.

Through a commitment to maintain value, reduce waste and foreign exchange while creating new opportunities for a sustainable economy that can contribute to this demand and build a climate-neutral and sustainable economy.

Environmental Policy and Climate Change provides direction and solutions to emerging problems and critical issues in environmental management and climate change.

It aims to have a clean and healthy environment that can cope with climate change that supports the well-being of its community, a renewable economy that can support a change in the use of sustainable production.

The reviewed policies for environmental development and climate change are based on principles related to regional and global integration and environmental protection linked to economic recovery.

This is the right time for these high-level expectations as well as the clarity and potential of the economic recovery to improve.

The Ministry of Environment, supported by the funds provided by UNDP, is pleased to present the program of economic activities of the country of Rwanda.

This effort is in line with the country's environmental policy and is aligned with national, regional and international development plans.

The Action Plan sets out clear policy and action plans to transition the economy to waste, water, agriculture and construction by 2035.

It also looks at cross-cutting areas with a focus on capacity building, partnerships and private sector engagement, which have been identified as key enablers.

The success of the implementation of the action plan will be a joint responsibility of the Ministry of Environment and other government agencies, but will also depend on cooperation with private partners, including development and financial partners, organizations non-governmental organizations, the media, universities and research institutions and the public.

“It will require honesty and transparency from all sides”.

The participants of the international conference are curious about the changes that the action plan will bring regarding the economic development and welfare of their descendants and future generations.

The development of the action plan will be based on the analysis of the structure of the main economic sectors (waste, water, agriculture, ICT, transport and construction), examining at each level economic and labor parameters, policies and vision, the role of 'women and youth, and economic recovery.

The data collection and analysis is based on the review of economic data, legal regulations and reports related to the economic recovery of the analyzed sectors.

The vision of the action plan is that "in 2035, Rwanda's economy is expected to put the economy back at the top in decision-making and economic activities, maintaining natural resources, eliminating waste while renewing the natural system".

In order to achieve this vision, the action plan provides 17 strategies and practical actions divided into local levels and on various themes that focus on capacity building and cooperation.

In order to monitor and evaluate the implementation and impact of the action plan and its activities for the purpose of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) measures will be carried out in two parts, each consisting of a combination of social, economic indicators. and environment.

The first part presents a list of measures to measure the impact of the objectives of the action plan, while the second part has sub-measures that evaluate the implementation of different policies.

The roles and responsibilities of the key government agencies that manage the implementation of the plans are defined so that the plan of action is implemented in a sustainable and efficient manner.

The Ministry of Environment (MoE) will lead the implementation of the action plan which includes coordination, implementation, monitoring and evaluation and collection of national reports and all activities related to economic recovery.

The individual and cross-border implementation will be led by the Ministry of Education (crossing), the Ministry of Infrastructure (waste and construction), the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (agriculture) and the Water Resources Agency. in Rwanda (water). According to the revenue/disbursement method, all funds must be raised to implement the action plan for the next 14 years.

Chief guests at the meeting included Udi Odum, Secretary of State for Environment from Nigeria, Terhi Lehtonen, Vice-Minister of Environment and Climate Change from Finland.

Jyrki Katainen, President of the Finnish Innovation Fund, Sitra, Dr Jeanne d'Arc Mujawamariya, Minister of Environment in Rwanda, Asad Naqvi, Director of the Secretariat for Cooperation on Green Economy.

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