By Alice DUSABIMANA
This is reflected in the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of June4, 2003 as amended until now, as well as in the various strategies for the development of our country. Here we can talk about vision 2020, the national plan to fight poverty and others.
The Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda dated June 4, 2003 as amended until now, in its beginning reminds that Rwanda is based on fundamental principles and basic human rights. In this regard, the state respects international agreements, including those against discrimination based on gender. In implementing these fundamental principles, Rwanda is determined to be a country based on the principle of equality between women and men, which is reinforced by the fact that women have at least thirty (30%) of the positions in decision-making bodies. The national policy of gender equality is based on the principle that women and men are responsible citizens who should participate fully in the development of the country and the resulting benefits should reach them equally.
The activities of the Government of Rwanda are aimed at giving women rights in various activities. In order to solve the problems of women’s oppression that characterized our country in the past, the Government of the Union of Rwanda has been taking various measures in order to give women the right to work, pursue and participate in various activities. In order to achieve this, various laws have been established to give women the right to various things.We can mention some of the following laws:
-Law no 08/2005 of 14/07/2005 that determines the use and management of land in Rwanda.
-Law no 22/99 of November 12, 1999 complements the first book of the Civii Code and establishes the fifth chapter on the management of marital property, gifts and inheritance.
-Law no 272001 of April 28, 2001 regarding the rights of the child and ways to protect him from violence.
-Law no 59/2008 of 10/09/2008 that prevents and punishes any gender-based violence; these laws, as well as others are designed to give women the same rights as men.However, a woman still has obstacles that prevent her from achieving this right given to her by law.
Obstacles a woman faces in fighting for the rights granted to her by law, Rwandan women still have obstacles that prevent them from achieving the rights they are given by law.We can say the following:(1) Lack of access to household assets such as money. (2) Not understanding the principle of equality and harmony between men and women. (3) The fact that a large number of women have not had the opportunity to study in the past, so it is not easy to know what the law provides. (4) Not having the ability to read, to listen to the radio and follow other programs that areorganized in the context of law enforcement.
A woman should not be seen as inferior because she is also capable.In this regard, a woman everywhere should see to it that she gets what the law provides for her at work and should not be ashamed to defend her rights if anyone wants to harass her.Women who represent others at different levels, should organize discussions at different levels from national level to the village level with aim of mobilizing women to better understand the principle of equality and harmony and to know the implement of the laws that protect them.Not being afraid, every woman having confidence would make her feel that she is also capable.Participation in women’s institutions from the village to the national level because these institutions are channels that help women to fight and know the rights assigned to them by law.
Women’s organizations should organize debates, public discussions or seminars in order to help them from the village level to understand the rights that the law assigns to them. Getting involved in different organizations helps them get out of poverty. A woman should participate in programs aimed at convincing herself and knowing where her rights begin and end. Attending banks, microfinance institutions and funds that support women in order to have the ability to start profitable businesses, registering a child after birth.